Hazards related to glaciers are common in most glacierized high mountain
areas in the world. Their impact on society, however, depends on the density
of human structures and settlements in those regions. The Swiss Alps are
particularly affected by glacier hazards due to the steep slopes and the
proximity of installations and villages to glacial environments. Therefore,
a large experience exists in Switzerland with treating such hazards. Important
projects related to such problems have been completed in the past decades.
The experience and data on glacier disasters in Switzerland has been
systematically collected in the past two decades, and historical sources
were analyzed. A digital database was developed comprising all documented
catastrophic events related to glacier hazards in the Swiss Alps. The
database is available online (german only). Information on its use, potential
and limits of application is provided.
The website and database is hosted by the Department of Geography, University of Zurich, in cooperation with snowflake productions. Both, the website and the online database on glacier hazard events, have been developed in a project supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation : AGREG (Analysis of glacier hazard potentials by knowledge-based remote sensing fusion for GIS-modeling).